How Good Are Those Young-Earth Arguments?

He is really good looking, funny, shows interest in learning more about me sadly uncommon! Physically, he is moving much slower than I would prefer. He stares at me a lot when we are together and it makes me feel uncomfortable, like he is waiting to kiss me instead of enjoying time hanging out together. We already had a talk about where things are going, and I told him his nervousness was making me feel uncomfortable and I wanted him to relax. He brings up his awkwardness quite frequently. The real problem is that all this talk about being awkward makes me feel extremely angry and panicked. Why am I so angry? How can I make him stop?

“Out of Africa” Hypothesis

Its main point was that “all mitochondrial DNAs stem from one woman” and that she probably lived around , years ago in Africa. When the media picked up from Wilson, one of the authors of the paper, that they had found the “Mitochondrial Eve” or “African Eve”, the story became a sensation. Have scientists found “the mother of us all”? Most people know about the nuclei of cells and that the genetic inheritance from both parents are found in the nucleus.

Mate choice, also known as intersexual selection, is an evolutionary process in which selection is dependent on the attractiveness of an individual’s phenotypic traits. Evolutionary change is possible because the qualities that are desired in a mate are more frequently passed on .

January 21, iStock Even if you live in a big city, you probably see wildlife on a regular basis. Namely, you’re sure to run into a lot of squirrels , even in the densest urban areas. And if you happen to live on a college campus, well, you’re probably overrun with them. While some people might view them as adorable, others see them as persistent pests bent on chewing on and nesting in everything in sight. But in honor of National Squirrel Appreciation Day, here are 15 reasons you should appreciate the savvy, amazing, bushy-tailed critters.

In another study with the eastern ground squirrel, one researcher observed a squirrel jumping more than 8 feet between a tree stump and a feeding platform, propelling itself 10 times the length of its body.


Outlook Other Abstract U-Pb radioisotope dating is now the absolute dating method of first choice among geochronologists, especially using the mineral zircon. A variety of analytical instruments have also now been developed using different micro-sampling techniques coupled with mass spectrometers, thus enabling wide usage of U-Pb radioisotope dating.

However, problems remain in the interpretation of the measured Pb isotopic ratios to transform them into ages.

The Black Sea deluge is a hypothesized catastrophic rise in the level of the Black Sea circa BCE from waters from the Mediterranean Sea breaching a sill in the Bosphorus strait. The hypothesis was headlined when The New York Times published it in December It was later published in an academic journal in April While it is agreed that the sequence of events described by the.

The Birth of Jesus: Two Gospel Narratives Breadcrumb navigation: Transcript The Dating of the Gospels This slide graphically presents some important first-century dates and events, including the writing of and relationships among the Gospels. The earliest New Testament books, the letters written by Paul, were composed in the decade of the 50s. In the mid s, James, Peter, and Paul are all killed. Peter and Paul likely perished during the persecution of the church in Rome by Nero.

The deaths of these important church leaders likely encouraged the writing down of narratives about Jesus. In the year 70, Roman armies destroyed Jerusalem and its Temple, effectively ending a Jewish revolt against the Empire that had begun four years earlier. Although some scholars disagree, the vast majority of researchers believe that Mark was the first Gospel to be written, sometime around the year This scholarly consensus holds that the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke were composed, independently of one another, sometime in the 80s or 90s.

Both used a written form of the Gospel of Mark as source material for their own narratives. This understanding of the origins of the Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke explains why they are similar yet different from one another. The Gospel of John emerges from an independent literary tradition that is not directly connected to the Synoptic tradition.

This explains the major differences between John and the Synoptics.

Documentary hypothesis

For many years it was believed that the earth was hollow, but even though many have come up with theories, until there was no proof. That year, pictures taken by a satellite orbiting Earth clearly showed a gaping hole located at the North Pole; enough evidence to support the hollow Earth theory according to many. Is there a hole in the North Pole? One of the photographs showed the North Pole covered by the usual cloud; the other one showed the same area without clouds, revealing a huge hole where the pole was supposed to be located.

In a world where every idea seems divisive, it can help to know there are at least a few things that the world as a whole agrees on. Time, the calendar, and the basic idea that history as we know it happened pretty much like historians say it did are just a few of those things. I mean, after all, at the very least we can all agree that the year is , right? According to German historian Heribert Illig, the year is actually , the Gregorian calendar is a lie, and a chunk of Middle Ages was completely made up.

No, this man is not crazy at least not officially and he actually claims to have archeological evidence to support his case. In , Illig proposed his theory, aptly called the Phantom Time Hypothesis. He claims there was conspiracy entered into back in AD to change the dating system by three world rulers.

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People tend to seek out partners of a similar level of social desirability, not just in terms of physical attractiveness but also in terms of other qualities, like intelligence and personality. The matching hypothesis is almost conventional wisdom, but large-scale online dating data gave four UC Berkeley researchers a new way to evaluate its claims. Fiore , along with Lindsay Shaw Taylor and G.

These are K-Ar data obtained on glauconite, a potassium-bearing clay mineral that forms in some marine sediment. Woodmorappe fails to mention, however, that these data were obtained as part of a controlled experiment to test, on samples of known age, the applicability of the K-Ar method to glauconite and to illite, another clay mineral.

He also neglects to mention that most of the 89 K-Ar ages reported in their study agree very well with the expected ages. Evernden and others 43 found that these clay minerals are extremely susceptible to argon loss when heated even slightly, such as occurs when sedimentary rocks are deeply buried. As a result, glauconite is used for dating only with extreme caution. The ages from the Coast Range batholith in Alaska Table 2 are referenced by Woodmorappe to a report by Lanphere and others

13 Pieces of Evidence Supporting the Hollow Earth Hypothesis

The genetic equidistance phenomenon was first noted in by Emanuel Margoliash , who wrote: If this is correct, the cytochrome c of all mammals should be equally different from the cytochrome c of all birds. Since fish diverges from the main stem of vertebrate evolution earlier than either birds or mammals, the cytochrome c of both mammals and birds should be equally different from the cytochrome c of fish. Similarly, all vertebrate cytochrome c should be equally different from the yeast protein.

Together with the work of Emile Zuckerkandl and Linus Pauling, the genetic equidistance result directly led to the formal postulation of the molecular clock hypothesis in the early s. Later, the work of Motoo Kimura [4] developed the neutral theory of molecular evolution , which predicted a molecular clock.

Usage The words hypothesis, law, and theory refer to different kinds of statements that scientists make about natural phenomena. A hypothesis is a statement that attempts to explain a set of facts. It forms the basis for an experiment that is designed to test whether it is true. Suppose your friend Smedley’s room is a mess; your hypothesis might be that Smedley makes the room messy.

You could test this hypothesis with an experiment: A scientific law is a statement that is believed to be true all the time for a set of conditions. If Smedley’s room is always a mess when he is in it, you might propose a “Smedley’s Mess Law” stating that whenever Smedley is in his room, he will always make it messy. Laws have the power to predict what will happen under the conditions they apply to.

A theory is a set of principles or statements devised to explain a whole group of observations or phenomena.

A Critical Assessment of the Graf-Wellhausen Documentary Hypothesis

In the most common version of Out of Africa, modern humans are considered a new species, with negligible gene-flow mating between the migrating African people and the indigenous archaic groups. Therefore, the Out of Africa hypothesis, as it is most generally understood, posits that the African population is the unique Pleistocene ancestor of all living humans. The other groups of archaic humans essentially died out and became evolutionary dead ends.

The Out of Africa hypothesis gained rapid acceptance in the late s, with pioneering analyses of mitochondrial DNA mtDNA , which revealed very low mean nucleotide variation between the mtDNA of individuals from diverse populations Cann, Stoneking, and Wilson

A new wave of dating websites, such as OKCupid, emerged in the early s. And the arrival of Tinder changed dating even further. Today, more than one-third of marriages start online. Clearly, these sites have had a huge impact on dating behavior. But now the first evidence is emerging that their effect is much more profound. The way people meet their partners has changed dramatically in recent years For more than 50 years, researchers have studied the nature of the networks that link people to each other.

These social networks turn out to have a peculiar property. One obvious type of network links each node with its nearest neighbors, in a pattern like a chess board or chicken wire. Another obvious kind of network links nodes at random. But real social networks are not like either of these. Instead, people are strongly connected to a relatively small group of neighbors and loosely connected to much more distant people.

These loose connections turn out to be extremely important.